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Federal process could reopen vacant Hammond grazing allotments in Oregon
Today’s notice that the agency will complete a new environmental impact statement analyzing options for grazing on the Bridge Creek allotments initiates a public review process. The Bureau will examine alternatives, potentially ranging from resuming grazing to prohibiting it.
“With the preparation of an environmental impact statement, BLM now has the opportunity to fully examine whether continued grazing would in fact contribute to the continued ecological recovery of this incredible landscape,” said Adam Bronstein, Oregon/Nevada director with Western Watersheds Project. “We have observed this recovery firsthand and it would be a shame to undermine progress by reauthorizing grazing here. Steens Mountain is a national treasure and should be properly managed for its incredible wildlife and ecological potential.”
The BLM declined to renew Hammonds Ranches’ grazing permit in 2014 after Dwight and Steven Hammond were convicted of arson for burning federal lands. Former President Trump pardoned them in 2018 and then-Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke took charge of the matter and, on his last day as Secretary, ordered the Bureau to renew Hammond Ranches’ grazing permit, a decision that was later struck down in federal court. In 2021, on the last full day of the Trump administration, the Bureau granted Hammond Ranches a new grazing permit following an illegally shortened public review process. A month later, conservation groups sued to challenge that decision and the Bureau rescinded it the next day.
“The Bureau of Land Management made the right, common-sense decision in 2014. After setting fire to public lands, the Hammonds forever lost any privilege to profit off public lands,” said Chris Krupp, Public Lands Attorney for WildEarth Guardians. “No one would ever hand back the cash a thief got caught stealing.”
“This should be a no brainer for the BLM,” said Marc Fink, a senior attorney at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Steens Mountain and its wildlife need to keep healing from decades of destructive cattle grazing, and the Hammonds should stay off public lands. If it’s a choice between rewarding the Hammonds for bad behavior or protecting the imperiled greater sage grouse and fragile habitat, sage grouse should prevail.”
A federal judge previously ruled that grazing cattle on these fragile, fire-scarred lands was likely to cause irreparable harm. Weighing the possibility that grazing might reduce future fire risk, the judge concluded, “Grazing to reduce fire intensity requires a reduction in exotic and invasive grasses, but that would require that first the native bunchgrasses and forbs be overgrazed, which is harmful,” and “sagebrush steppe in the absence of grazing is more fire resistant.” The judge also found that the permitted grazing on these allotments would likely harm sage grouse and redband trout and their habitats.
The Bridge Creek allotments contain a trove of cultural and biological resources, as well as important habitat for the imperiled greater sage grouse, redband trout and other animals. The lands include designated wilderness and other wilderness-quality lands along the flanks of Steens Mountain and lie within traditional lands of the Northern Paiute tribe.