Bull trout require cold, clean, complex and connected waterways to survive. Forest Service roads and motorized trails cause sediment-laden runoff to enter into these waterways, which leads to a rise in water temperature and increased turbidity. Roads and motorized trails also disrupt passage between spawning and rearing areas, which has partly led to a 50 percent decline of the species throughout its current range. In response to Guardians’ lawsuits, USFS reinitiated consultation with FWS regarding the impacts of road and motorized trail infrastructure on bull trout critical habitat and will take steps to ensure compliance with the ESA in protecting the species. Because of the specific habitat requirements of bull trout, the health of the species is a key indicator of a watershed’s overall health, and by protecting this species and its habitat, USFS will be protecting the entire ecological community.