These two applications specifically propose to allow the transfer of agricultural water to a municipal use. If allowed, the transfer would mean water normally diverted and consumed by farms in Bernalillo and Socorro counties would instead be diverted and consumed one hundred miles upstream by Rio Rancho in Sandoval County. The proposed diversions would significantly reduce flows between Cochiti Dam and Elephant Butte Reservoir, an area that encompasses the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, where species including the Rio Grande silvery minnow, Southwest willow flycatcher, and yellow-billed cuckoo—all protected under the Endangered Species Act—make their homes. The section of the Rio Grande south of the proposed diversions could potentially lose millions of gallons (hundreds of acre-feet) of water annually. This reduction would not only alter already unstable water flows, harming the silvery minnow, but also damage the fragile cottonwood-willow forests where flycatchers and cuckoos, among many other species, nest and breed. Further, Guardians argues that reduced return flows to the Rio Grande impairs the general health of the river, affecting all those who rely on it for irrigation, drinking water, recreation, and many other uses.